PAPER AND PRINTS

Fabriano is the city of paper, famous for the invention of a special type of grain, one which is responsible for the distinctive texture of the paper on which stocks and bonds are printed, the paper used for paper money. The Chinese were the first to make paper.

Their invention then spread to the Middle East and, in 1283, it came to Fabriano where the Mastri Cartai (Master Paper Makers) began to produce it, and became famous the world over. This ancient tradition is still relevant today, and in what was once the Convent of San Domenico there is now the Museo della Carta e della Filigrana (Paper and Watermark Museum). A tour of the museum shows the visitor the ancient techniques of papermaking, the mechanics of the medieval machines invented by the Mastri Cartai, the old watermarks from the XIII century, and an interesting film about the evolution of paper in Fabriano. The traditional production of handmade paper has also been upheld by the Cartiere Miliani, a union of paper makers founded in 1872 by Pietro Miliani, which became an integral part of the Fedigroni Group Ltd. In 2002.

The paper industry is also at home in Pioraco which, like Fabriano, has made use of the nearby Potenza River for centuries to power its mills. Urbino is also home to traditions linked to the printing of art and the restoration of antique books. It is here that the unique Scuola della Decorazione e dell’Illustrazione del Libro di Urbino (The School of Decoration and Book Illustration) opened its doors in 1924. Among its directors and teachers were those who dedicated themselves to artistic research as an essential support to teaching, contributing to the end of the practise of using engraved stamps for illustrating books, shifting their focus instead to creating original works of graphic art. The most talented students then became teachers or founded printing presses for art in many other regions of Italy. Still today, Urbino printers are renowned for their technical ability, so much so that many foreign artists, apart from attending their workshops and entrusting them with the reproduction of their art, were trained at international summer courses which have been held at the school, in collaboration with the Accademia Raffaello, since the 1960s.

Text was taken up and elaborated by the pubblication “Made in Marche – 0km flavours and quality shopping”